Snoop Dogg Overview
Cordozar Calvin Broadus (born October 20, 1971), better known by his stage name Snoop Dogg, is a Grammy Award-nominated American rapper, record producer and actor. Snoop is best known as an MC Master of Ceremonies#Hip hop culture in the West Coast hip hop scene, and for being one of producer Dr. Dre's most notable protégés Mentorship . Snoop Dogg was a Crip Crips gang member while in high school. Shortly after graduation, he was arrested for cocaine possession and sentenced to three years in prison. His music career began in 1992 after his release when he was discovered by Dr. Dre. He collaborated on several tracks on Dre's solo debut, The Chronic and on the titular theme song to the film Deep Cover.
Snoop's debut album, Doggystyle, was released in 1993 under Death Row Records. Doggystyle went quadruple platinum and spawned several hit singles, including "What's My Name" and "Gin & Juice." In 1996, Snoop Dogg was cleared of charges over his bodyguard's 1993 murder of Philip Woldemariam. His second album, 1996's Tha Doggfather, was his last release for Death Row before he signed with No Limit Records, where he recorded three albums from 1998 to 2001. Snoop then signed with Priority Priority Records /Capitol Capitol Records /EMI Records EMI in 2002, which released his album Paid tha Cost to Be da Boss, and then he signed with Geffen Records in 2004 for his next three albums.
In addition to music, Snoop Dogg has starred in motion pictures and hosted several television shows: Doggy Fizzle Televizzle, Snoop Dogg's Father Hood and Dogg After Dark. He also coaches a youth football league and high school football team. He has run into many legal troubles, some of which caused him to be legally banned from the UK and Australia, the UK ban was later reversed after a long legal battle .
Calvin Broadus was born October 20, 1971 at the Los Altos Hospital in Long Beach Long Beach, California , California, the second of three sons born to Beverly Broadus (née Tate).
Snoop Dogg was a member of the Rollin' 20 Crips Crips gang in the Eastside Eastside, Long Beach, California of Long Beach. Snoop Dogg's conviction caused him to be in and out of prison for the first three years after he graduated from high school. Snoop, along with his cousins Nate Dogg and Lil' ½ Dead, and friend Warren G recorded home made tapes as a group called 213 213 (group) , named after the Long Beach area code at the time. One of his early solo freestyles over En Vogue's "Hold On Hold On (En Vogue song) " had made it to a mixtape which was heard by influential producer Dr. Dre, who phoned to invite him to an audition. Former N.W.A member The D.O.C. taught him how to structure his lyrics and separate the thematics into verses, hooks and chorus.
Death Row Records years (1992–1997)
When he began recording, Broadus took the stage name Snoop Doggy Dogg. Dr. Dre began working with Snoop Dogg, first on the theme song of the 1992 film Deep Cover, and then on Dr. Dre's debut solo album The Chronic with the other members of his former starting group, Tha Dogg Pound. The huge success of Snoop Dogg's debut Doggystyle was partially because of this intense exposure. Doggystyle, much like The Chronic, featured a host of rappers signed to or affiliated with the Death Row label including Daz Dillinger, Kurupt, Nate Dogg and others. His video "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" with 2Pac chronicled the difficulties each rapper was dealing with as a result of their unrelated but concurrent criminal prosecutions. Rolling Stone music critic Touré asserted that Snoop had a relatively soft vocal delivery compared to other rappers: "Snoop's vocal style is part of what distinguishes him: where many rappers scream, figuratively and literally, he speaks softly."
No Limit and Capitol years (1998–2003)
Snoop signed with Master P's No Limit Records (distributed by Priority Priority Records /EMI Records EMI ) in 1998 and debuted on the label with Da Game Is to Be Sold, Not to Be Told that year. His other albums from No Limit were No Limit Top Dogg in 1999 (selling over 1,503,865 copies) and Tha Last Meal in 2000 (selling over 1,000,000).
Snoop Dogg has ventured into singing for Bollywood with his first ever rap for an Indian movie Singh Is Kinng; the title of the song is also "Singh is Kinng". The album featuring the song was released on June 8, 2008 on Junglee Music Records.
He released his ninth studio album, Ego Trippin' (selling 400,000 copies in the U.S.), along with the first single, "***ual Eruption". The single peaked at #10 on the Billboard 100, featuring Snoop using autotune. The album featured production from QDT (Quik-Dogg-Teddy).
Priority Records and Malice n Wonderland (2009-present)
Snoop was appointed an executive position at Priority Records. He released his tenth studio album, Malice n Wonderland. The first single from the album, "Gangsta Luv", featuring The-Dream, peaked at #35 on the Billboard Hot 100. The album debuted at #23 on the Billboard 200, selling 61,000 copies its first week, making it his lowest charting album. Snoop features on the latest Gorillaz album, Plastic Beach.Kool Moe Dee ranks Snoop at #33 in his book There's a God on the Mic, and says he has "an ultra-smooth, laidback delivery", and "flavor-filled melodic rhyming". Peter Shapiro Peter Shapiro (journalist) describes Snoop's delivery as a "molasses drawl" and Allmusic notes his "drawled, laconic rhyming" style.
Snoop is known to freestyle freestyle rap some of his lyrics on the spot for some songs - in the book How to Rap, Lady of Rage says, "Snoop Dogg, when I worked with him earlier in his career, that's how created his stuff... he would freestyle, he wasn't a writer then, he was a freestyler," and D.O.C. states, "Snoop's [rap] was a one take willy, but his shit was all freestyle. He hadn't written nothing down. He just came in and started busting. The song was "The Shiznit" - [that was all freestyle]. He started busting and when we got to the break, Dre cut the machine off, did the chorus and told Snoop to come back in. He did that throughout the record. That's when Snoop was in the zone then."
Peter Shapiro Peter Shapiro (journalist) says that Snoop debuted on 'Deep Cover' with a "shockingly original flow - which sounded like a Slick Rick born in South Carolina instead of South London" and adds that he "showed where his style came from by covering Slick Rick's 'La Di Da Di'". Referring to Snoop's flow, Kool Moe Dee calls him "one of the smoothest, funkiest flow-ers in the game". How to Rap also notes that Snoop is known to use syncopation in his flow to give it a laidback quality, as well as 'linking with rhythm' in his compound rhymes, using alliteration, and employing a "sparse" flow with good use of pauses.In 1998, Snoop had a cameo appearance in the film Half Baked as the "Scavenger Smoker" .
In 2000, Snoop (as "Michael J. Corleone") directed Snoop Dogg's Doggystyle, a ***graphic film produced by Hustler. This film, combining hip hop with X-rated material, was a huge success and won "Top Selling Release of the Year" at the 2002 AVN Awards. Driven by this success, Snoop directed Snoop Dogg's Hustlaz: Diary of a Pimp in 2002 (this time using the nickname "Snoop Scorsese").
In 2001, Snoop lent his voice to the animated show King of the Hill, in which he played a white pimp named Alabaster Jones .
In 2002, Snoop hosted, starred in, and produced his own MTV sketch comedy show entitled Doggy Fizzle Televizzle.
Snoop was filmed for a brief cameo appearance in the television movie It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie (2002), but his performance was omitted from the final cut of the movie.
On November 8, 2004, Snoop Dogg was starred in the episode "Two of a Kind" of NBC's series Las Vegas Las Vegas (TV series) .
In 2004, Snoop appeared on the Showtime series The L Word as the character "Slim Daddy", a combination of Slim Shady and Puff Daddy. He also notably played the drug dealer-turned-informant character of Huggy Bear, in the 2004 remake film of the 1970s TV-series of the same name, Starsky & Hutch Starsky & Hutch (film) . He appeared as himself in the episode "MILF Money" of Weeds Weeds (TV series) ,
Snoop founded his own production company, Snoopadelic Films, in 2005. Their debut film was Boss'n Up, a film inspired by Snoop Dogg's album R&G, starring Lil Jon and Trina.
Perhaps in conjunction with his entry into the x-rated world, Snoop claimed in a 2006 interview with Rolling Stone magazine that unlike other hip hop artists who've superficially adopted the pimp persona, he was an actual professional pimp in 2003 and 2004, saying "That shit was my natural calling and once I got involved with it, it became fun. It was like shootin' layups for me. I was makin' 'em every time." He goes on to say that upon the advice on some of the other pimps he knew, he eventually gave up pimping to spend more time with his family.
In December 2007, his reality show Snoop Dogg's Father Hood premiered on the E! channel. Snoop Dogg joined the NBA's Entertainment League.
On March 30, 2008 he appeared at WrestleMania XXIV as a Master of Ceremonies for a tag team match between Maria Maria Kanellis and Ashley Massaro as they took on Beth Phoenix and Melina Melina Perez .
On May 8 and May 9, 2008, Snoop appeared as himself on the ABC American Broadcasting Company soap opera One Life to Live, with a new opening theme recorded by the artist presented for both episodes. In the episodes, Snoop performs at the bachelorette party for character Adriana Cramer, and credits Bo Buchanan with helping him get his start in show business . In recent interviews he has explained that, as a child, One Life to Live was one of his favorite shows, and he still regards the show fondly. He has also stated that he has always been a particular fan of Robert S. Woods, who has portrayed the character of Bo Buchanan since 1979. As such, for his latest appearance on the show, Snoop Dogg's character spends time at the home of Bo Bo Buchanan and Nora Buchanan, where he convinces them to allow their son, Matthew Matthew Buchanan to go to Capricorn night club to see his show that evening.
In 2009, Snoop Dogg appeared in Sacha Baron Cohen's film Brüno as himself performing a rap addition to the song "Dove Of Peace" .
On October 19, 2009, Snoop Dogg was the guest host of WWE Raw.Broadus's father left the family when Broadus was three months old. Snoop married his high school sweetheart, Shante Taylor, on June 12, 1997. On May 21, 2004, he filed for divorce from Shante, citing irreconcilable differences. The couple renewed their wedding vows on January 12, 2008. R&B singers Brandy Brandy Norwood and Ray J are his first cousins. In 2002, the rapper announced he was giving up marijuana, one of his image trademarks, for good, though this did not last long.
Snoop is an avid fan of the hometown teams Los Angeles Dodgers and the Los Angeles Lakers.
Snoop is also an avid Pittsburgh Steelers fan Steeler Nation , which is mainly due to his affiliation with the Rollin' 20s Crips, which also sport the Pittsburgh jersey as its neighborhood emblem, and is often seen wearing Pittsburgh Steelers apparel in his music videos. Snoop has mentioned that his love for the Steelers began in the 1970s during the team's dynasty years while watching the team with his grandfather growing up in L.A.5 jersey, and has been seen in Raiders training camps. He did his own free style rap based on his similarities with Tony Romo. On August 6, 2009, Snoop visited the training camp of the Baltimore Ravens at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He was invited by Ray Lewis the day after his concert at the Merriweather Post Pavilion in Columbia, Maryland.
A certified football coach, Snoop Dogg has been head coach for his son's youth football teams and the John A. Rowland High School team.
Snoop Dogg has shown he is an avid hockey fan by sporting a Pittsburgh Penguins jersey (with the name and number 'GIN AND JUICE' 94 on the back) and a jersey of the now-defunct Springfield (MA) Indians of the American Hockey League in his 1994 music video, "Gin And Juice". Also the E! show, Snoop Dogg’s Father Hood, featured Snoop Dogg and his family receiving lessons on playing hockey from the Anaheim Ducks, then returning to the Honda Center to cheer on the Ducks against the Vancouver Canucks in the episode “Snow in da Hood.”
In August 2008, Snoop Dogg announced the launch of a new streetwear line called Rich & Infamous, via a partnership with Robert Thorne Co. The line, which is aimed toward males ages 18 to 35, was unveiled during the Magic tradeshow in Las Vegas.
In 2009, it was revealed that Snoop Dogg was a member of the Nation of Islam. On March 1, 2009, he made an appearance at the Nation of Islam's annual Saviours' Day [sic] holiday, where he praised controversial minister Louis Farrakhan. Snoop claimed to be a member of the Nation of Islam, but he declined to give the date on which he joined. He also donated $1,000 to the organization.
He po***rized the catch-phrase suffix -izzle, which had been in use for decades, but not nearly to the extent that it is now, particularly in the pop and hip hop music industry.
While recording Doggystyle in August 1993, Snoop Dogg was arrested in connection with the death of Philip Woldemariam, a member of a rival gang who was shot and killed by Snoop's bodyguard, McKinley Lee; Snoop was charged with murder along with Lee as he was driving the vehicle from which the shooting had commenced. Snoop was defended by Johnnie Cochran, with his bodyguard McKinley Lee. Both Snoop and Lee were acquitted; Lee was acquitted on grounds of self-defense, but Snoop Dogg remained entangled in the legal battles around the case for three years. In July 1993, Snoop was stopped for a traffic violation and a firearm was found by police while conducting a search of his car. In February 1997, he pled guilty to one count of being an ex-felon in possession of a handgun and was ordered to record three public service announcements, pay a $1,000 fine, and serve three years' probation. Twice, in May 1998 and October 2001, Snoop Dogg was fined and arrested for misdemeanor marijuana possession. For the 2001 incident, in 2002 he pleaded no contest to the charge and was fined a total of $398.30 and a suspended 30-day jail sentence.
Snoop Dogg, Tha Dogg Pound, and The Game The Game (rapper) were sued for assaulting a fan on stage at a May 2005 concert at the White River Amphitheatre in Auburn Auburn, Washington , Washington. The accuser, Richard Monroe, Jr., claimed he was beaten by the artists' entourage while mounting the stage. He alleged that he reacted to an "open invite" to come on stage. Before he could, Snoop’s bodyguards grabbed him and he was beaten unconscious by crewmembers, including the rapper and producer Soopafly; Snoop and The Game were included in the suit for not intervening. The lawsuit focuses on a pecuniary claim of $22 million in punitive and compensatory damages, battery, negligence, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. The concerned parties appeared in court in April 2009.
On April 26, 2006, Snoop Dogg and members of his entourage were arrested after being turned away from British Airways' first class lounge at Heathrow Airport. Snoop and his party were not allowed to enter the lounge because some of the entourage were flying first class, other members in economy class. After the group was escorted outside, they vandalized a duty-free shop by throwing whiskey bottles. Seven police officers were injured in the midst of the disturbance. After a night in prison, Snoop and the other men were released on bail on April 27, but he was unable to perform at the Premier Foods People's Concert in Johannesburg on the same day. As part of his bail conditions, he had to return to the police station in May. The group has been banned by British Airways for "the foreseeable future." When Snoop Dogg appeared at a London police station on May 11, he was cautioned for affray under Section 4 Fear or Provocation of Violence of the Public Order Act Public Order Act 1986 for use of threatening words or behavior. On May 15, the Home Office decided that Snoop Dogg should be denied entry to the United Kingdom for the foreseeable future due to the incident at Heathrow as well as his previous convictions in the United States for drugs and firearms offenses. Snoop Dogg's visa card was rejected by local authorities on March 24, 2007 because of the Heathrow incident. A concert at London's Wembley Arena on March 27 went ahead with Diddy (with whom he toured Europe) and the rest of the show. However the decision affected four more British performances in Cardiff, Manchester and Glasgow
On September 27, 2006, Snoop Dogg was detained at John Wayne Airport in Orange County, California by airport security, after airport screeners found a collapsible police baton in Snoop's carry-on bag. The baton was confiscated but Snoop was allowed to board the flight. He has been charged with various weapons violations stemming from this incident. Donald Etra, Snoop's lawyer, told deputies the baton was a prop for a musical sketch. Snoop was sentenced to three years' probation and 160 hours of community service starting on September 20, 2007.
Snoop Dogg was arrested again on October 26, 2006 at Bob Hope Airport in Burbank Burbank, California , California while parked in a passenger loading zone. Approached by airport security for a traffic infraction, he was found in possession of marijuana and a firearm, according to a police statement. He was transported to Burbank Police Department Jail, booked, and released on $35,000 bond. He faced firearm and drug possession charges on December 12 at Burbank Superior Court. He was again arrested on November 29, 2006, after performing on The Tonight Show, for possession of marijuana and a firearm.
Snoop was arrested again on March 12, 2007 in Stockholm Stockholm, Sweden , Sweden after performing in a concert with P. Diddy in Stockholm's Globe Arena after he and a female companion reportedly "reeked" of marijuana. They were released four hours later after providing a urine sample. Pending results on urine will determine whether charges will be pressed. However the rapper denied all charges.
On April 26, 2007, the Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Australia) banned him from entering the country on character grounds, citing his prior criminal convictions. He had been scheduled to appear at the MTV Australia Video Music Awards on April 29, 2007. Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Australia) lifted the ban in September 2008 and had granted him visa to tour Australia. DIAC said "In making this decision, the department weighed his criminal convictions against his previous behaviour while in Australia, recent conduct – including charity work – and any likely risk to the Australian community ... We took into account all relevant factors and, on balance, the department decided to grant the visa."
Snoop Dogg's many legal issues forced San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom to withdraw his plan to issue a proclamation to the rapper.*St. Ides
*Snoop Dogg 40 Oz Malt liquor
*Boost Mobile cell phone
*Cal Worthington's Ford dealership in Long Beach Long Beach, California , California
*"Snoop Doggs" – foot-long hot dogs manufactured in Massachusetts a joint venture with Platinum One Media *"Snoop Dogg Board Company (SDBC)" – skateboards and Luggage fabrication company (with Pentagon Distribution)
*"Snooperbowl" and "Snoop Youth Football league"
*"Chronic Candy" – candy that tastes like marijuana (from Switzerland and is currently banned in some cities of US)
*Love Don't Live Here No More, Doggy Tales Vol.1 – love novel (co-written by David E. Talbert, published by Atria and Snoopadelic Films) ISBN 0-7432-7363-X
*Tha Doggfather : The Times, Trials, And Hardcore Truths Of Snoop Dogg – autobiography (published by William Morrow) Hardcover ISBN 0-688-17158-3, Paperback ISBN 0-06-107607-4
*Fear & Respect (project cancelled as of March 1, 2006) – PlayStation 2 video game (developed by Midway Games)
*"Doggy Biscuitz" – shoe brand (in partnership with Pony International) *"Snoop Dogg Clothing" – streetwear (distributed at Macy's)
*"WRFF" – unique design scooters (in cooperation with Salton, Inc.)
*"Hip Hop Gaming League" – a celebrity online gaming competition (hosted by Global Gaming League)
*"Snoop Dogg figures" (Vital Toys, SOTA Toys)
*"Snoop Dogg Boxing" – mobile phone game (Sony Pictures Mobile)
*"Snoop Dogg Pet Accessory Line" (in conjunction with Jakks Pacific)
*Snoop Dogg is a celebrity voice of a Tom Tom GPS navigation system.;Solo
* Doggystyle (1993)
* Tha Doggfather (1996)
* Da Game Is to Be Sold, Not to Be Told (1998)
* No Limit Top Dogg (1999)
* Tha Last Meal (2000)
* Paid tha Cost to Be da Boss (2002)
* R&G (Rhythm & Gangsta): The Masterpiece (2004)
* Tha Blue Carpet Treatment (2006)
* Ego Trippin' (2008)
* Malice n Wonderland (2009)
;with 213 213 (group)
* The Hard Way The Hard Way (213 album) (2004)
;with Tha Eastsidaz
* Snoop Dogg Presents Tha Eastsidaz (2000)
* Duces 'n Trayz: The Old Fashioned Way (2001)
* Blaze! (2010)
*Blazed & Confused Tour (opening act)
*Up In Smoke Tour (opening act)*1994: Murder Was the Case (Platinum)
*1998: Caught Up Caught Up (film)
*1998: Half Baked (cameo appearance)
*1998: Da Game of Life Da Game of Life (film)
*1998: Hot Boyz Hot Boyz (film)
*1998: Ride Ride (film)
*1999: Urban Menace
*2000: Tha Eastsidaz
*2000: Up in Smoke Tour
*2001: Baby Boy Baby Boy (film)
*2001: Training Day
*2001: King of the Hill (voice)
*2001: Bones Bones (film)
*2001: The Wash The Wash (film)
*2003: Malibu's Most Wanted
*2003: Old School Old School (film)
*2004: Starsky & Hutch Starsky & Hutch (film)
*2004: Soul Plane
*2004: Volcano High
*2005: Boss'n Up
*2005: Racing Stripes (voice)
*2006: The Tenants
*2006: Weeds Weeds (TV series) : Himself
*2006: Hood of Horror
*2007: Arthur and the Minimoys (voice)
*2007: Monk Monk (TV series)
**During the opening credits, he covered the title song by Randy Newman "It's a Jungle out There" It's a Jungle out There (song) .
*2007: The Boondocks The Boondocks (TV series)
*2008: Singh Is Kinng (as Himself)
*2008: Snoop Dogg's Father Hood (as Himself)
*2009: Futurama: Into the Wild Green Yonder (voice)
*2009: Dogg After Dark: Himself
*2009: Xavier: Renegade Angel (voice)
*2009: Brüno Brüno (film) (cameo appearance)
*2010: One Life to Live as Calvin Broadus
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