Nirvana was an American rock Rock music band that was formed by singer/guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen, Washington in 1987. Nirvana went through a succession of drummers, the longest-lasting being Dave Grohl, who joined the band in 1990.
The band established itself as part of the Seattle music scene, releasing its first album Bleach Bleach (album) for the independent record label Sub Pop in 1989. After signing to major label DGC Records, Nirvana found unexpected success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit", the band's lead single from its second album Nevermind (1991). Subsequently, Nirvana entered into the mainstream, bringing along with it a subgenre of alternative rock called grunge. As Nirvana's frontman, Kurt Cobain found himself referred to in the media as the "spokesman of a generation," with Nirvana being considered the "flagship band" of Generation X. Cobain was uncomfortable with the attention and placed his focus on the band's music, believing the band's message and artistic vision to have been misinterpreted by the public, challenging the band's audience with its third studio album In Utero In Utero (album) (1993).
Nirvana's brief run ended following the death of Cobain in 1994, but the band's influence and po***rity endured in the years that followed. In 2002, "You Know You're Right", an unfinished demo from the band's final recording session, topped radio playlists around the world. Since its debut, the band has sold over twenty-five million albums in the US alone, and over fifty million worldwide.
Formation and early years
Cobain and Novoselic met while attending high school at Aberdeen High, although they never connected, according to Cobain. The pair eventually became friends while frequenting the practice space of the Melvins. Cobain wanted to form a band with Novoselic, but Novoselic did not respond to his overtures, which included handing him a demo tape of his project Fecal Matter. Three years after the two first met, Novoselic notified Cobain that he had finally listened to the Fecal Matter demo Cobain had given him, and suggested they start a group. The pair recruited Bob McFadden on drums, but after a month the project fell apart. In winter of 1987, Cobain and Novoselic recruited drummer Aaron Burckhard. Cobain later described the sound of the band when it first started as "a Gang of Four Gang of Four (band) and Scratch Acid ripoff". The trio practiced material from Cobain's Fecal Matter tape, but started writing new material soon after forming.
During its initial months, the band went through a series of names, starting with Skid Row and including Pen Cap Chew,*Kurt Cobain – lead vocals, guitar (1987–1994)
*Krist Novoselic – bass guitar (1987–1994)
*Dave Grohl – drums, backing vocals (1990–1994)
*Aaron Burckhard – drums (1987–1988)
*Dale Crover – drums (1988, 1990)
*Dave Foster – drums (1988)
*Chad Channing – drums (1988–1990)
*Jason Everman – guitar (1989)
*Dan Peters – drums (1990)
*"Big" John Duncan Big John Duncan – guitar (1993)
*Pat Smear – guitar, backing vocals (1993–1994)
*Lori Goldston – cello (1993–1994)
*Melora Creager – cello (1994)*Bleach Bleach (album) (1989)
*In Utero In Utero (album) (1993)The band received several awards and nominations in their debut year in 1992, including nominations for Favorite New Heavy Metal/Hard Rock Artist from the American Music Awards, Best Alternative Music Performance Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album for Nevermind from the Grammy Awards, and Video of the Year MTV Video Music Award for Video of the Year and Viewer's Choice MTV Video Music Award – Viewer's Choice for "Smells Like Teen Spirit" from the MTV Video Music Awards. They received the Best Alternative Video MTV Video Music Award for Best Alternative Video award for "Smells Like Teen Spirit" and Best New Artist MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist from the MTV Video Music Awards in the same year. The song "Smells Like Teen Spirit" was also nominated for Best Rock Song Grammy Award for Best Rock Song at the 1993 Grammy Awards Grammy Awards of 1993 , but it lost to "Layla" by Eric Clapton. Clapton's win over Nirvana would later be named one of the "10 biggest upsets" in Grammy history by Entertainment Weekly. After receiving five nominations from the Grammy Awards without winning any of them, the band finally received the Best Alternative Music Performance award for MTV Unplugged in New York in 1996. Overall, Nirvana has received nine awards from twenty-two nominations.
;American Music Awards
;MTV Video Music Awards
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