Mariah Carey Overview
Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer and actress. She made her recording debut in 1990 under the guidance of Columbia Records executive Tommy Mottola, and became the first recording artist to have her first five singles top the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 Billboard Hot 100 chart. Following her marriage to Mottola in 1993, a series of hit records established her position as Columbia's highest-selling act. According to Billboard magazine, she was the most successful artist of the 1990s in the United States.
Following her separation from Mottola in 1997, Carey introduced elements of hip hop hip hop music into her album work, to much initial success, but her po***rity was in decline when she left Columbia in 2001. She signed to Virgin Records but was dropped from the label and bought out of her contract the following year after a highly publicized physical and emotional breakdown, as well as the poor reception given to Glitter Glitter (film) , her film and soundtrack project. In 2002, Carey signed with Island Records, and after a relatively unsuccessful period, she returned to the top of pop music in 2005.
Carey has sold more than 175 million albums, singles and videos worldwide. At the 2000 World Music Awards, she received the Millennium Award for becoming the best-selling female artist of the 2000s. Carey is also the recipient of the Chopard Diamond Award Chopard Diamond award at the 2003 World Music Awards, recognizing sales of over 100 million albums worldwide. According to the Recording Industry Association of America, she is the third best-selling female artist and sixteenth overall recording artist with shipments of over 63 million albums in the US. She is also ranked as the best-selling female artist of the U.S. Nielsen SoundScan era (third best-selling artist overall). She has the most number-one singles for a solo artist in the United States (eighteen; second artist overall behind The Beatles). In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked her at number six on the "Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists Billboard Hot 100 50th Anniversary Charts#All-Time top artists ", making Carey the second most successful female artist, behind Madonna Madonna (entertainer) , in the history of the Billboard Hot 100 chart. In addition to her commercial accomplishments, Carey has earned five Grammy Awards, and is well-known for her five-octave vocal range Vocal Range , power belt (music) , melismatic style, and use of the whistle register.
Childhood and youth
Carey was born in Huntington Huntington, New York , Long Island, New York. She is the third and youngest child of Patricia Carey (née Hickey), a former opera singer and vocal coach, and Alfred Roy Carey, an aeronautical engineer. Her mother was Irish American and her father was of Afro-Venezuelan Afro-Latin American and African American descent; her paternal grandfather, Roberto Nuñez, changed his surname to Carey to better assimilate upon moving to the United States from Venezuela. Carey was named after the song "They Call the Wind Mariah Paint Your Wagon (musical) ". Carey's parents divorced when she was three years old. While living in Huntington, racist neighbors allegedly poisoned the family dog and set fire to her family's car.
Carey graduated from Harborfields High School in Greenlawn, New York. She was frequently absent because of her work as a demo demo (music) singer for local recording studios; her classmates consequently gave her the nickname "Mirage". Her work in the Long Island music scene gave her opportunities to work with musicians such as Gavin Christopher and Ben Margulies, with whom she co-wrote material for her demo tape. After moving to New York City, Carey worked part-time jobs to pay the rent, and she completed 500 hours of beauty school. Eventually, she became a backup singer for Puerto Rican Puerto Rico freestyle freestyle music singer Brenda K. Starr.
In 1988, Carey met Columbia Records executive Tommy Mottola at a party, where Starr gave him Carey's demo tape. Mottola played the tape when leaving the party and was impressed. He returned to find Carey, but she had left. Nevertheless, Mottola tracked her down and signed her to a recording contract. This Cinderella-like story became part of the standard publicity surrounding Carey's entrance into the industry.
Early commercial success: 1989–1992
Carey co-wrote the tracks on her 1990 debut album Mariah Carey Mariah Carey (album) , and she has co-written most of her material since. During the recording, she expressed dissatisfaction with the contributions of producers such as Ric Wake and Rhett Lawrence, whom the executives at Columbia had enlisted to help make the album more commercially viable. Backed by a substantial promotional budget, the album reached number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 Billboard 200 chart, where it remained for several weeks. It yielded four number-one singles and made Carey a star in the United States, but it was less successful in other countries. Critics rated the album highly, and Carey won Grammys Grammy Award for Best New Artist Grammy Award for Best New Artist , and—for her debut single, "Vision of Love"—Best Female Pop Vocal Performance Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance .
Carey conceived Emotions Emotions (album) , her second album, as an homage to Motown Motown Records soul music (see Motown Sound Motown Records#The Motown Sound ), and she worked with Walter Afanasieff and Clivillés Robert Clivillés & Cole David Cole (producer) (from the dance dance music group C+C Music Factory) on the record. It was released soon after her debut album—in late 1991—but was neither as critically or commercially successful; Rolling Stone described it as "more of the same, with less interesting material [...] pop-psych love songs played with airless, intimidating expertise." The title track "Emotions Emotions (song) " made Carey the only recording act whose first five singles have reached number one on the U.S. Hot 100 Billboard Hot 100 chart, although the album's follow-up singles failed to match this feat. Carey had been lobbying to produce her own songs, and beginning with Emotions, she has co-produced most of her material. "I didn't want [Emotions] to be somebody else's vision of me," she said. "There's more of me on this album."
Although Carey performed live occasionally, stage fright prevented her from embarking on a major tour. Her first widely seen appearance was featured on the television show MTV Unplugged in 1992, and she remarked that she felt her performance that night proved her vocal abilities were not, as some had previously speculated, simulated with studio equipment. Alongside acoustic versions of some of her earlier songs, Carey premiered a cover of The Jackson 5's "I'll Be There I'll Be There (Jackson 5 song) " with her back-up singer Trey Lorenz. The duet was released as a single, reached number one in the U.S., and led to a record deal for Lorenz, Because of high ratings Nielsen ratings for the Unplugged television special, the concert's set list was released on the EP MTV Unplugged MTV Unplugged (EP) , which Entertainment Weekly called "the strongest, most genuinely musical record she has ever made [...] Did this live performance help her take her first steps toward growing up?."
International success (1993–1996)
Carey and Tommy Mottola had become involved romantically during the making of her debut album, and in June 1993, they were married.
Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds Kenneth Edmonds consulted on the album Music Box Music Box (album) , which was released later that year and became Carey's most successful worldwide. The album maintained a presence on the Billboard 200 Billboard 200 for a staggering 128 weeks. It yielded her first UK Singles Chart number-one, a cover of Badfinger's "Without You Without You (Badfinger song)#Mariah Carey version ", and the U.S. number-ones "Dreamlover Dreamlover (song) " and "Hero Hero (Mariah Carey song) ". Billboard magazine proclaimed it "heart-piercing [...] easily the most elemental of Carey's releases, her vocal eurythmics wikt:eurythmics in natural sync with the songs", but TIME Time (magazine) magazine lamented Carey's attempt at a mellower work, "[Music Box] seems perfunctory and almost passionless [...] Carey could be a pop-soul great; instead she has once again settled for Salieri Antonio Salieri -like mediocrity." In response to such comments, Carey said, "As soon as you have a big success, a lot of people don't like that. There's nothing I can do about it. All I can do is make music I believe in." Most critics slighted the opening of her subsequent U.S. Music Box Tour.
In late 1994, after her duet with Luther Vandross on a cover of Lionel Richie and Diana Ross's "Endless Love Endless Love (song) " became a hit, Carey released the holiday album Merry Christmas Merry Christmas (Mariah Carey album) . It contained cover material and original compositions such as "All I Want for Christmas Is You", which became Carey's biggest single in Japan and, in subsequent years, emerged as one of her most perennially po***r songs on U.S. radio. Critical reception of Merry Christmas was mixed, with Allmusic calling it an "otherwise vanilla set [...] pretensions to high opera on 'O Holy Night' and a horrid danceclub take on 'Joy to the World'." It became one of the most successful Christmas albums of all time.
In 1995, Columbia released Carey's fourth studio album, Daydream Daydream (Mariah Carey album) , which combined the pop sensibilities of Music Box with downbeat R&B and hip hop hip hop music influences. A remix of "Fantasy Fantasy (Mariah Carey song) ", its first single, featured rapper Ol' Dirty Bastard. Carey said that Columbia reacted negatively to her intentions for the album: "Everybody was like 'What, are you crazy?'. They're very nervous about breaking the formula." It became her biggest-selling album in the U.S., and its singles achieved similar success—"Fantasy" became the second single to debut at number one in the U.S. and topped the Canadian Singles Chart for twelve weeks; "One Sweet Day" (a duet with Boyz II Men) spent a record-holding sixteen weeks at number one in the U.S.; and "Always Be My Baby" (co-produced by Jermaine Dupri) was the most successful record on U.S. radio in 1996, according to Billboard magazine. Daydream generated career-best reviews for Carey, and publications such as The New York Times named it one of 1995's best albums; the Times wrote that its "best cuts bring pop candy-making to a new peak of textural refinement [...] Carey's songwriting has taken a leap forward, becoming more relaxed, ***ier and less reliant on thudding clichés." The short but profitable Daydream World Tour augmented sales of the album, which received six Grammy Award nominations.
New image and independence (1997–2000)
" video in 1998.
Carey and Mottola officially separated in 1997. Although the public image of the marriage was a happy one, she said that in reality she had felt trapped by her relationship with Mottola, whom she often described as controlling. They officially announced their separation in 1997, and their divorce became final the following year. Soon after the separation, Carey hired an independent publicist and a new attorney and manager. She continued to write and produce for other artists during this period, contributing to the debut albums of Allure Allure (group) and 7 Mile 7 mile through her short-lived imprint Crave Records.
Carey's next album, Butterfly Butterfly (Mariah Carey album) (1997), yielded the number-one single "Honey Honey (Mariah Carey song) ", the lyrics and music video for which presented a more overtly ***ual image of her than had been previously seen. She stated that Butterfly marked the point when she attained full creative control over her music. However, she added, "I don't think it's that much of a departure from what I've done in the past [...] It's not like I went psycho and thought I was going to be a rapper. Personally, this album is about doing whatever the hell I wanted to do." Reviews were generally positive: LAUNCHcast said Butterfly "pushes the envelope," a move its critic thought "may prove disconcerting to more conservative fans" but praised as "a welcome change." The Los Angeles Times wrote, "[Butterfly] is easily the most personal, confessional-sounding record she's ever done [...] Carey-bashing just might become a thing of the past." The album was a commercial success—although not to the degree of her previous three albums—and "My All" (her thirteenth Hot 100 Billboard Hot 100 number-one) gave her the record for the most U.S. number-ones by a female artist.
Toward the turn of the millennium, Carey was developing the film project Glitter Glitter (film) and wrote songs for the films Men in Black Men in Black (film) (1997) and How the Grinch Stole Christmas How the Grinch Stole Christmas (film) (2000). During the production of Butterfly, Carey became romantically involved with New York Yankees baseball star Derek Jeter. Their relationship ended in 1998, with both parties citing media interference as the main reason for the split. The same year, Columbia released the album #1's Number 1's (Mariah Carey album) , a collection of Carey's U.S. number-one singles alongside new material, which she said was a way of rewarding her fans. The song "When You Believe", a duet with Whitney Houston, was recorded for the soundtrack of The Prince of Egypt (1998) and won an Academy Award. #1's sold above expectations, but a review in NME labeled Carey "a purveyor of saccharine bilge like 'Hero', whose message seems wholesome enough: that if you vacate your mind of all intelligent thought, flutter your eyelashes and wish hard, sweet babies and honey will follow." Also that year, she appeared on the first televised VH1 Divas benefit concert program, although her alleged prima donna behavior had already led many to consider her a diva. By the following year, she had entered a relationship with singer Luis Miguel.
Rainbow Rainbow (Mariah Carey album) , Carey's sixth studio album, was released in 1999 and comprised more R&B/hip hop–oriented songs, many of them co-created with Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis. "Heartbreaker Heartbreaker (Mariah Carey song) " and "Thank God I Found You" (the former featuring Jay-Z, the latter featuring Joe Joe (singer) and boy band 98 Degrees) reached number one in the U.S. VIBE Vibe (magazine) magazine expressed similar sentiments, writing, "She pulls out all stops [...] Rainbow will garner even more adoration" but it became Carey's lowest-selling album up to that point,
Personal and professional struggles (2001–2004)
After receiving Billboard's Artist of the Decade Award Billboard Artist of the Decade Award and the World Music Award for Best-Selling Female Artist of the Millennium, and her relationship with Luis Miguel was ending. In an interview the following year, she said, "I was with people who didn't really know me, and I had no personal assistant. I'd be doing interviews all day long, getting two hours of sleep a night, if that." During an appearance on MTV's Total Request Live, Carey handed out popsicles ice pop to the audience and began what was later described as a "striptease". By the month's end, she had checked into a hospital, and her publicist announced that Carey was taking a break from public appearances.
Critics panned Glitter Glitter (film) , Carey's much delayed semi-autobiographical film, and it was a box office failure. The accompanying soundtrack album, Glitter Glitter (soundtrack) , was inspired by the music of the 1980s and featured collaborations with Rick James and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis; it generated Carey's worst showing on the U.S. chart. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch dismissed it as "an absolute mess that'll go down as an annoying blemish on a career that, while not always critically heralded, was at least nearly consistently successful", while Blender Blender (magazine) magazine opined, "After years of trading her signature flourishes for a radio-ready purr, Carey's left with almost no presence at all." The lead single, "Loverboy Loverboy (Mariah Carey song) " (featuring Cameo Cameo (band) ), reached number two on the Hot 100 due to the release of the physical single, Later that year, she signed a contract with Island Records, valued at more than $22.5 million. and launched the record label MonarC MonarC Entertainment . To add further to Carey's emotional burdens, her father, with whom she had little contact since childhood, died of cancer that year.
In 2002, she performed the American national anthem The Star-Spangled Banner in front of an audience at the Super Bowl ***VI at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. Following a well-received supporting role in the 2002 film WiseGirls, Carey released the album Charmbracelet, which she said marked "a new lease on life" for her. and Rolling Stone commented, "Carey needs bold songs that help her use the power and range for which she is famous. Charmbracelet is like a stream of watercolors that bleed into a puddle of brown." The album's only charting single in America, "Through the Rain", was a failure on pop radio Contemporary hit radio , which had become less open to maturing "diva" stylists such as Celine Dion, or Carey herself in favor of younger singers such as Christina Aguilera, who had vocal styles very similar to Carey's. She was featured on rapper Jadakiss's 2004 single "U Make Me Wanna", which reached the top ten on Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop chart Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs .
Return to prominence (2005–2008)
, in Florida August 7, 2006.
Carey's tenth studio album, The Emancipation of Mimi (2005), contained contributions from producers such as The Neptunes, Kanye West and Carey's longtime collaborator, Jermaine Dupri. Carey said it was "very much like a party record [...] the process of putting on makeup and getting ready to go out [...] I wanted to make a record that was reflective of that." The Emancipation of Mimi became 2005's best-selling album in the U.S., and The Guardian reviewer defined it as "cool, focused and urban [... some of] the first Mariah Carey tunes in years I wouldn't have to be paid to listen to again". The album earned Carey a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B Album Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B Album , and the single "We Belong Together We Belong Together (Mariah Carey song) " won Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song Grammy Award for Best R&B Song . "We Belong Together" held the Hot 100's number-one position for fourteen weeks, her longest run at the top as a solo lead artist. Subsequently, the single "Shake It Off" reached number two for a week, making Carey the first female lead vocalist to have simultaneously held the Hot 100's top two positions. (While topping the charts in 2002, Ashanti was the "featured" singer on the #2 single.)
In mid-2006, Carey began The Adventures of Mimi Tour, which was the most successful of her career, although some dates had to be canceled. She appeared on the cover of the March 2007 edition of Playboy magazine in a non-*** photo session. In early 2007, she was featured with Bow Wow on the Bone Thugs-n-Harmony single "Lil' L.O.V.E.".
" on Good Morning America on stage with her dancers in summer 2008.
By spring 2007, she had begun working on her eleventh studio album, E=MC² E=MC2 (Mariah Carey album) . Asked about the album title's meaning, Carey said "Einstein Albert Einstein 's theory Mass–energy equivalence ? Physics? Me? Hello! ...Of course I'm poking fun." She characterized the project as "Emancipation of Mimi to the second power", saying she was "freer" on this album than any other. Like her previous one, this album mainly concentrates on pop and R&B Contemporary R&B , but also borrows hip hop hip hop music , gospel gospel music and even reggae ("Cruise Control") elements. Although E=MC² was well received by most critics, some of them criticized it for being "a clone of The Emancipation of Mimi". Bleu Magazine's critic said that the "facsimiles aren't terrible, they're just boring and forgettable at this point." Two weeks before the album's release, on April 2, 2008, "Touch My Body", her first single from the album, became Carey's eighteenth number-one single on the Hot 100 Billboard Hot 100 , pushing her past Elvis Presley into second place for the most number-one singles among all artists in the rock era, according to Billboard magazine's revised methodology. Carey is now second only to The Beatles, who have twenty number-one singles. The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with 463,000 copies sold, making it the biggest opening week sales of her career.
Carey's singles have collectively topped the charts for seventy-nine weeks, which places her just behind Presley, who topped the charts for a combined eighty weeks. Carey has also had notable success on international charts, though not to the same degree as in the United States. Thus far, she has had two number-one singles in Britain, two in Australia, and six in Canada. Her highest-charting single in Japan peaked at number two.
Carey and actor/comedian/rapper rapping Nick Cannon met while they shot Carey's music video for her second single "Bye Bye Bye Bye (Mariah Carey song) " on a private island of the coast of Antigua. On April 30, 2008, Carey married Nick Cannon, at Carey's private estate on Windermere Island in The Bahamas. In October 2008, Carey was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame.
Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel, Angels Advocate Tour (2009–present)
on March 7, 2010
Carey performed "Hero Hero (Mariah Carey song) " at the Neighborhood Inaugural Ball Inauguration of Barack Obama#Inaugural balls after Barack Obama was sworn in as America's first African-American president on January 20, 2009. On July 7, 2009, Carey – alongside Trey Lorenz – performed her version of the Jackson 5 hit "I'll Be There I'll Be There (The Jackson 5 song) " at the memorial service for Michael Jackson in the Los Angeles Staples Center.
Carey was featured on "My Love My Love (The-Dream song) ", the second single from singer-songwriter The-Dream's album Love vs. Money. In early 2009, The-Dream spoke with MTV UK about working on Carey's next studio album:
On May 20, Carey used her Twitter page to reveal the title of her twelfth album: Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel. Its first single "Obsessed Obsessed (song) " debuted at number 11, her highest debut on the chart since "My All" in 1998. Within hours after the song's release, various outlets speculated that its target was rapper Eminem, in response to his song "Bagpipes from Baghdad," in which he taunted Carey's husband, Nick Cannon by telling him to back off and that Carey is his. According to MTV, Carey alludes to drug problems in "Obsessed," which Eminem opened up about on his sixth studio album, Relapse Relapse (album) . However, Eminem quickly responded recording a song titled "The Warning" in which he threatens to release voicemails of Carey and hurls abusive comments at her. Nick Cannon has vowed that Eminem’s words will have “repercussions”. "Obsessed" peaked at number seven on the Billboard Hot 100 Billboard Hot 100 , making it her 40th career entry on that chart. Carey is the eighth woman to amass 40 Hot 100 singles; Aretha Franklin has the most, with 76. The album's second single was a cover of Foreigner Foreigner (band) 's "I Want to Know What Love Is I Want to Know What Love Is#Mariah Carey version ". It only managed to peak at #60 on the Billboard Hot 100 as well as becoming a moderate success worldwide. The album was released on September 29, 2009 in the United States. It debuted on the Billboard 200 at #3 with first week sales of 168,000, considerably less than her previous album E=MC2 E=MC2 (Mariah Carey album) ./news/barbra-streisand-surprises-with-ninth-no-1004019217.story On October 5, 2009, during Carey's performance at a private V.I.P venue in New York, it was announced that "H.A.T.E.U." will be the album's third single. Carey performed a mini-residency Live At The Pearl in promotion of the album at The Pearl in Las Vegas, she performed two dates in September before the albums release and two dates in October, premiering new songs from the album and some old favorites. Carey performed a New Year's Eve Concert in 2009, at Madison Square Garden live in New York, which marked the beginning of her new tour Angels Advocate Tour .
"100% 100% (Mariah Carey song) " was a song written and recorded for the movie "Precious Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire " however, it was never used and will now be one of the theme songs on a soundtrack for the 2010 Olympics with all proceeds between February 12 and March 1 going to Team USA.at the premiere of Tennessee Tennessee (film) at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 26, 2008. Photograph by David Shankbone.
Carey began to take professional acting lessons in 1997, and in the coming year, she was auditioning for film roles. She made her debut as an opera singer in the romantic comedy The Bachelor The Bachelor (film) (1999), starring Chris O'Donnell and Renée Zellweger. CNN referred derisively to her casting as a talentless diva as "letter-perfect [...] the "can't act" part informs Carey's entire performance".
Carey's first starring role was in Glitter Glitter (film) (2001), in which she played a struggling musician in the 1980s who breaks into the music industry after meeting a disc jockey (Max Beesley). Though Roger Ebert said "[Carey]'s acting ranges from dutiful flirtatiousness to intense sincerity", most critics panned it: Halliwell's Leslie Halliwell Film Guide called it a "vapid star vehicle for a pop singer with no visible acting ability", and The Village Voice observed: "When [Carey] tries for an emotion — any emotion — she looks as if she's lost her car keys." Glitter was a box office failure, and Carey earned a Razzie Award Golden Raspberry Awards for her role. She later said that the film "started out as a concept with substance, but it ended up being geared to 10-year-olds. It lost a lot of grit [...] I kind of got in over my head." and Roger Friedman, referring to her as "a Thelma Ritter for the new millennium", said, "Her line delivery is sharp and she manages to get the right laughs". WiseGirls producer Anthony Esposito cast Carey in The Sweet Science (2006), a film about an unknown female boxer recruited by a boxing manager, but it never entered production.
Carey was one of several musicians who appeared in the independently produced Damon Dash films Death of a Dynasty (2003) and State Property 2 (2005). Her television work has been limited to a January 2002 episode of Ally McBeal. Carey had a cameo appearance in Adam Sandler's 2008 film You Don't Mess with the Zohan, playing herself.
In 2006, Carey joined the cast of the indie film Tennessee Tennessee (film) (2008), taking the role of an aspiring singer who flees her controlling husband and joins two brothers on a journey to find their long-lost father. The movie received mixed reviews, but most of them raved about Carey's performance and praised it as "understated and very effective." In 2009, she appeared as a social worker in Precious Precious (2009 film) , the movie adaptation of the 1996 novel Push by Sapphire Sapphire (author) . The film has garnered mostly positive reviews from critics, as has Carey's performance. Variety Variety (magazine) described her acting as "pitch-perfect". So far Precious has won awards at both the Sundance Film Festival and the Toronto Film Festival, receiving top awards there. In January 2010, Carey won the Breakthrough Actress Performance award for her role in Precious at the Palm Springs International Film Festival.Carey has said that from childhood she was influenced by R&B and soul musicians such as Billie Holiday, Sarah Vaughan, Gladys Knight and Aretha Franklin. Her music contains strong influences of gospel music, and her favorite gospel singers include The Clark Sisters, Shirley Caesar and Edwin Hawkins. She has expressed appreciation for rappers such as The Sugarhill Gang, Eric B. & Rakim, the Wu-Tang Clan, The Notorious B.I.G. and Mobb Deep, In She Bop II: The Definitive History of Women in Rock, Pop and Soul (2002), writer Lucy O'Brien attributed the comeback of Barbra Streisand's "old-fashioned showgirl" to Carey and Dion, and described them and Houston as "groomed, airbrushed and overblown to perfection". Carey's musical transition and use of more revealing clothing during the late 1990s were, in part, initiated to distance herself from this image, and she subsequently said that most of her early work was "schmaltzy MOR".
Despite the fact that Carey is often credited with co-writing her material, she has also been accused of plagiarism on several occasions. Many of these cases were eventually settled out of court.
Mariah Carey possesses a five-octave vocal range Vocal Range ./artist/mariah-carey/bio/48340 In a countdown of the "22 Greatest Voices in Music" by Blender Magazine Blender (magazine) and MTV, she scored first place, and she was placed second in Cove magazine's list of "The 100 Outstanding Pop Vocalists".
Music critic Jim Farber of Daily News said that Carey has "a range Vocal range wide enough to cover all the octaves between an alto and a soprano and the agility to move between those roles with swiftness and aplomb", and her vocal trademark is her ability to sing in the whistle register. Describing Carey's voice, French-American baritone Malcolm Walker said, "tired and inhomogenous in the low register, but very well leads, especially in the piano register, her upper register works very well, it's the top of her voice, the diamond, the upper register is much more healthy than the low register, and she passes easily in head voice, who is her real voice." Carey has cited Minnie Riperton as the greatest influence on her singing technique Vocal technique and from a very early age, she attempted to emulate Riperton's high notes, to increasing degrees of success as her vocal range expanded. In 2003, her voice was ranked first in MTV and Blender Blender (magazine) magazine's countdown of the 22 Greatest Voices in Music, as voted by fans and readers in an online poll. Carey said of the poll, "What it really means is voice of the MTV generation. Of course, it's an enormous compliment, but I don't feel that way about myself."
Themes and musical style
Love is the subject of the majority of Carey's lyrics, although she has written about themes such as racism, social alienation, death, world hunger, and spirituality. She has said that much of her work is partly autobiographical, but TIME magazine wrote: "If only Mariah Carey's music had the drama of her life. Her songs are often sugary and artificial—NutraSweet soul. But her life has passion and conflict." The Village Voice wrote in 2001 that, in that respect, Carey compared unfavorably with singers such as Mary J. Blige, saying "Carey's Strawberry Shortcake soul still provides the template with which teen-pop cuties draw curlicues around those centerless [[Diane Warren|[Diane] Warren ballads [...] it's largely because of [Blige] that the new r&b demands a greater range of emotional expression, smarter poetry, more from-the-gut testifying, and less unnecessary notes than the squeaky-clean and just plain squeaky Mariah era. Nowadays it's the Christina Aguileras and Jessica Simpsons who awkwardly oversing, while the women with roof-raising lung power keep it in check when tune or lyric demands."
Carey's output makes use of electronic instruments electronic musical instrument such as drum machines, keyboards electronic keyboard and synthesizers. Many of her songs contain piano music, and she was given piano lessons when she was six years old. Carey said that she cannot read sheet music and prefers to collaborate with a pianist when composing her material, but feels that it is easier to experiment with faster and less conventional melodies and chord progressions using this technique. Some of her arrangements have been inspired by the work of musicians such as Stevie Wonder, a soul pianist to whom Carey once referred as "the genius of the [twentieth] century",
Carey began commissioning remixes of her material early in her career and helped to spearhead the practice of recording entirely new vocals for remixes. Disc jockey David Morales has collaborated with Carey several times, starting with "Dreamlover Dreamlover (song) " (1993), which po***rized the tradition of remixing pop songs into house house music records, and which Slant Slant (magazine) magazine named one of the greatest dance songs of all time. From "Fantasy Fantasy (Mariah Carey song) " (1995) onward, Carey enlisted both hip hop and house producers to re-imagine her album compositions. Entertainment Weekly included two remixes of "Fantasy" on a list of Carey's greatest recordings compiled in 2005: a National Dance Music Award-winning remix produced by Morales, and a Sean Combs production featuring rapper Ol' Dirty Bastard. The latter has been credited with po***rizing the pop/hip hop collaboration trend that has continued into the 2000s through artists such as Ashanti Ashanti (singer) and Beyoncé Beyoncé Knowles . Combs said that Carey "knows the importance of mixes, so you feel like you're with an artist who appreciates your work—an artist who wants to come up with something with you". She continues to consult on remixes by producers such as Morales, Jermaine Dupri, Junior Vasquez and DJ Clue, and guest performers contribute frequently to them. The po***rity in U.S. nightclubs of the dance remixes, which often sound radically different from their album counterparts, has been known to eclipse the mainstream chart success of the original songs.Carey is a philanthropist who has donated time and money to organizations such as the Fresh Air Fund. She became associated with the Fund in the early 1990s, and is the co-founder of a camp located in Fishkill, New York, that enables inner-city youth to embrace the arts and introduces them to career opportunities. The camp was called Camp Mariah "for her generous support and dedication to Fresh Air children", and she received a Congressional Horizon Award for her youth-related charity work. She is well-known nationally for her work with the Make-a-Wish Foundation in granting the wishes of children with life-threatening illnesses, and in November 2006 she was awarded the Foundation's Wish Idol for her "extraordinary generosity and her many wish granting achievements". Carey has volunteered for the New York City Police New York City Police Department Athletic League and contributed to the obstetrics department of New York Presbyterian Hospital New York-Presbyterian Hospital Cornell Medical Center. A percentage of the sales of MTV Unplugged was donated to various other charities. In 2008, Carey was named Hunger Ambassador of the World Hunger Relief Movement World Food Programme . She is giving a free download of her song, "Love Story E=MC2 (Mariah Carey album) ", to customers who donate to the organization at participating restaurants.
One of Carey's most high-profile benefit concert appearances was on VH1's 1998 Divas Live special, during which she performed alongside other female singers in support of the Save the Music Foundation. The concert was a ratings success, and Carey participated in the Divas 2000 VH1 Divas#Divas 2000 special. In 2007, the Save the Music Foundation honored Carey at their tenth gala event for her support towards the foundation since its inception. She appeared at the America: A Tribute to Heroes nationally televised fundraiser in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, and in December 2001, she performed before peacekeeping troops in Kosovo. Carey hosted the CBS television special At Home for the Holidays, which documented real-life stories of adopted children and foster families, and she has worked with the New York City Administration for Children's Services. In 2005, Carey performed for Live 8 in London Live 8 concert, London and at the Hurricane Katrina relief telethon "Shelter from the Storm". In August 2008, Carey and other singers recorded the charity single, "Just Stand Up" produced by Babyface Babyface (musician) and L. A. Reid, to support "Stand Up to Cancer". On September 5, the singers performed it live on TV.
Declining offers to appear in commercials in the United States during her early career, Carey was not involved in brand marketing initiatives until 2006, when she participated in endorsements for Intel Centrino personal computers and launched a jewelry and accessories line for teenagers, Glamorized, in American Claire's and Icing stores. During this period, as part of a partnership with Pepsi and Motorola, Carey recorded and promoted a series of exclusive ringtones, including "Time of Your Life Time of Your Life (ring tone) ". She signed a licensing deal with the cosmetics company Elizabeth Arden, and in 2007, she released her own fragrance, "M M (fragrance) ". According to Forbes, Carey was the sixth richest woman in entertainment , with an estimated net worth of US $225 million. Carey directed or co-directed several of the music videos for her singles during the 1990s. Slant magazine named the video for "The Roof (Back in Time)", which Carey co-directed with Diane Martel, one of the twenty greatest music videos of all time. In 2008, Carey made Time's annual list of 100 most Influential people Time 100 . In January 2010, Carey announced via Twitter that she is launching a new rosé champagne champagne (wine) brand called Angel Champagne.*Mariah Carey Mariah Carey (album) (1990)
*Emotions Emotions (album) (1991)
*Music Box Music Box (album) (1993)
*Merry Christmas Merry Christmas (Mariah Carey album) (1994)
*Daydream Daydream (Mariah Carey album) (1995)
*Butterfly Butterfly (Mariah Carey album) (1997)
*Rainbow Rainbow (Mariah Carey album) (1999)
*Glitter Glitter (soundtrack) (2001)
*The Emancipation of Mimi (2005)
*E=MC² E=MC2 (Mariah Carey album) (2008)
*Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel (2009)*Music Box Tour (1993)
*Daydream World Tour (1996)
*Butterfly World Tour (1998)
*Rainbow World Tour (2000)
*Charmbracelet World Tour Charmbracelet World Tour: An Intimate Evening with Mariah Carey (2003–2004)
*The Adventures of Mimi Tour (2006)
*Live At The Pearl (2009)
*Angels' Advocate Tour (2010)
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