Front Line Assembly Overview

Front Line Assembly (FLA) is a Canadian Canada electro-industrial band formed by Bill Leeb in 1986 after leaving Skinny Puppy. Influenced by early Industrial acts such as Cabaret Voltaire Cabaret Voltaire (band) , Portion Control Portion Control (band) , D.A.F. Deutsch-Amerikanische Freundschaft , Test Dept, SPK SPK (band) , and Severed Heads, FLA has developed its own unique sound while combining elements of EBM Electronic body music . The band's membership has rotated through several members over the years, including Rhys Fulber and Michael Balch who are both associated with several other successful artists.


Formation (1985–1986)

Between 1985–1986, Bill Leeb supported Skinny Puppy under the pseudonym Wilhelm Schroeder. As an early friend of the band he contributed bass synth and backing vocals for several tracks while also supporting their 1985 tour. Leeb reflects on this period, "Skinny Puppy was a good starting point for me, but there was definitely no way for me to get my ideas across."

Upon the formation of Front Line Assembly, Leeb produced the Nerve War demo tape which was distributed on a limited basis (an estimated 50–100 copies were produced). Around this time, Leeb and Rhys Fulber became friends when they discovered they both had a similar interest in underground music. As an unofficial member at this time, Fulber partnered with Leeb during the production of Total Terror and was credited for the song "Black Fluid" on the demo.

Debut and first album (1987–1988)

In 1987, Front Line Assembly debuted its first album The Initial Command (KK Records, Belgium) with credited assistance by Fulber and Balch. The album had been produced on a tight budget which would determine whether or not cuts would be done with an eight track system or split into two four track cuts. After finally reaching a point of relative stability, the band's next album, State of Mind State of Mind (Front Line Assembly album) , was released worldwide.

After working with FLA on an unofficial basis, Balch officially joined the band in 1988 and began writing songs along side Leeb for the next few albums. Balch mostly contributed by providing keyboards and programming. As Leeb put it, "I would write the songs, and he was really good with the software."


In 1991 the video-single Virus gained extensive attention in industrial and dance clubs world wide. The album Tactical Neural Implant (1992) was next, making FLA become one of industrial music's most po***r bands. The next album Millennium (1994) featured a combination of metal heavy metal music guitars, electronic music, and media sampling (much of which was taken from the Michael Douglas film Falling Down), which had become one of the characteristics of industrial rock and industrial metal during the 1990s. Hard Wired (1995) and the world tour following the release was FLA's most successful commercial and critical period .

Rhys' departure

In 1997, Rhys Fulber left the band to concentrate on producing Fear Factory and other bands. Replacing Fulber was Chris Peterson, who had already supported the band on their live shows. Soon after Fulber quit, the 1997 album FLAvour of the Weak—a stylistically divergent album—was released. The metal influences gave way to an electronica sound. FLA made somewhat of a return to their former sound with the album Implode (1999), followed by Epitaph (2001). Chris Peterson left FLA in 2002, and through most of that year it was rumored that the band had essentially broken up.

Soy Leeb

FLA's performance at the 2002 Wave-Gotik-Treffen festival, which at the time was widely rumored to be their last show, caused a scandal within the industrial music community after pictures ofof FLA's performance circulated the internet. Many believe that Leeb had an impersonator perform for him. This stand-in came to be known to some of the online fan base as "Soy Leeb".

Rhys' return

However, in 2003, Rhys Fulber rejoined the band. The single Maniacal was released in October 2003, launching a new phase in the band's career, and the album Civilization followed in early 2004. Chris Peterson later rejoined the band, and the trio of Leeb/Fulber/Peterson released Artificial Soldier in 2006. The support tour has been cut short due to a problem with the company supplying the tour bus, and the band acknowledged that they were returning home to Vancouver earlier than planned after playing roughly half of their scheduled tour in the United States (dates in New York and Canada were canceled). The band toured in Europe in August 2006 covering 18 cities.


In 2006 the band submitted tracks from their Artificial Soldier to the soundtrack for the horror film FrightWorld, slated for a 2007 release.

Out in April 2007 via Metropolis was the Frontline Assembly remix album Fallout. The album was released in a 4-panel digipak and featured three brand new tracks ("Electric Dreams", "Unconscious" and "Armageddon") and nine remixes by (among others) Combichrist, Covenant, Portion Control, Sebastian R. Komor Sebastian Komor (Zombie Girl/Icon of Coil), Rhys Fulber and more. The band went out to tour North America and Europe again in 2007.The spelling of the band name has varied over the years. Various albums spell the name in compound form ("Frontline Assembly") while the majority spells it in three words. The abbreviation "FLA", also used on various albums, may hint that the correct spelling of the artist name is indeed three separate words.;Major Releases

*1986: Nerve War
*1986: Total Terror
*1987: The Initial Command
*1988: State of Mind State of Mind (Front Line Assembly album)
*1988: Corrosion Corrosion (EP)
*1988: Disorder Disorder (EP)
*1988: Convergence Convergence (Front Line Assembly album)
*1989: Gashed Senses And Crossfire
*1990: Caustic Grip
*1992: Tactical Neural Implant
*1994: Millennium Millennium (Front Line Assembly album)
*1995: Corroded Disorder
*1995: Hard Wired
*1996: Live Wired
*1997: [[FLAvour of the Weak|[FLA]vour of the Weak
*1998: Re-wind
*1999: Implode Implode (album)
*2001: Epitaph Epitaph (Front Line Assembly album)
*2004: Civilization Civilization (album)
*2006: Artificial Soldier
*2007: Fallout Fallout (Front Line Assembly album)
*2010: Improvised Electronic Devices

*1988: Digital Tension Dementia
*1989: No Limit No Limit (Front Line Assembly song)
*1990: Iceolate
*1990: Provision Provision (song)
*1991: Virus Virus (Front Line Assembly song)
*1992: Mindphaser Mindphaser (song)
*1992: The Blade The Blade (song)
*1994: Millennium Millennium (Front Line Assembly song)
*1995: Surface Patterns
*1995: Circuitry Circuitry (song)
*1996: Plasticity Plasticity (song)
*1997: Colombian Necktie Colombian Necktie (song)
*1998: Comatose Comatose (Front Line Assembly song)
*1999: Prophecy Prophecy (Front Line Assembly song)
*1999: Fatalist Fatalist (song)
*2001: Everything Must Perish
*2003: Maniacal Maniacal (song)
*2004: Vanished Vanished (song)

;Other releases
* 1989: Live Live (Front Line Assembly song)
* 1993: Total Terror I and II Total Terror II
* 1996: The Remix Wars - Strike 2
* 1997: Reclamation Reclamation (album)
* 1998: Columbian Necktie/Evil Playground
* 1998: Monument Monument (Front Line Assembly album)
* 1998: The Singles: Four Fit
* 1999: Explosion Explosion (album)
* 1999: Quake III Arena Soundtrack Quake III Arena#Soundtrack , together with Sonic Mayhem
* 2004: Complete Total TerrorSide projects include:
* Conjure One
* Delerium
* Left Spine Down
* Pro-Tech
* Synæsthesia Synæsthesia (band)
* Will Will (project)
* Intermix
* Noise Unit
* Equinox Equinox (electro-industrial band)
* Cyberaktif
* Mutual Mortuary
* Decree Decree (band)
* We Will Follow: A Tribute to U2 (features a song by Front Line Assembly and Tiffany Tiffany (singer) )


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