Destiny's Child Overview

Destiny's Child (also known as DC or DC3) was an American R&B contemporary R&B girl group comprising lead singer Beyoncé Knowles alongside Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams Michelle Williams (singer) . Formed in 1997 in Houston, Texas, Destiny's Child members began their musical endeavors in their pre-teens under the name Girls' Tyme Girl's Tyme , comprising Knowles, Rowland, LaTavia Roberson and LeToya Luckett. After years of performing underground, they signed to Columbia Records and changed their name. Destiny's Child was launched into mainstream recognition following the release of their best-selling second album, The Writing's on the Wall, which contained the number-one singles "Bills, Bills, Bills" and "Say My Name".

Despite critical and commercial success, the group was plagued by internal conflict and legal turmoil, as Roberson and Luckett attempted to split off the group's manager Mathew Knowles. They were soon replaced with Williams and Farrah Franklin; however, in 2000, Franklin also parted with the group, leaving them as a trio trio (music) . Their third album, Survivor Survivor (Destiny's Child album) , which contains themes the public interpreted as a channel to the group's experience, contains the worldwide hits "Independent Women", "Survivor Survivor (Destiny's Child song) " and "Bootylicious". In 2002, Destiny's Child announced a hiatus, allowing its members to attain individual success. They re-united with 2004's Destiny Fulfilled, and a year later during their world tour, announced that the group would disband and its members would pursue solo careers.

Throughout their career, the group released four studio albums and achieved four US number-one singles. They had sold over 40 million records worldwide as a group, 50 million including their solo album sales before their disbandment,


1990–1997: Early beginnings and Girl's Tyme

In 1990, Beyoncé Knowles met rapper LaTavia Roberson while in an audition for a girl group. Based in Houston, Texas, they were joined to a group that performed rapping and dancing. Kelly Rowland, who relocated to Knowles' house because of family issues, joined them in 1991. Originally named Girl's Tyme, they were eventually cut down to six members including Támar Davis Támar and sisters Nikki and Nina Taylor. With Knowles and Rowland, Girl's Tyme attracted nationwide attention: they were actually rapping instead of singing. Mathew Knowles cut down the original lineup to four, with the removed of Davis and the Taylor sisters and the inclusion of LeToya Luckett in 1993. After rigorous trainings, they began performing as openings for established R&B Rhythm and blues groups of the time such as SWV, Dru Hill and Immature IMx . The group signed with Elektra Records with the name Destiny, but it was dropped several months later before it could release an album. The group released its debut single, "No, No, No No, No, No (Destiny's Child song) ", on November 11, 1997, in the United States.

1998–2000: Career breakthrough and lineup changes

Destiny's Child released their self-titled debut album Destiny's Child (album) in the United States on February 17, 1998, featuring productions by Rob Fusari, Jermaine Dupri, Wyclef Jean, Dwayne Wiggins and Corey Rooney. It managed to sell over 500,000 copies in the United States, earning a gold certification by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The remix version to the album's lead single, "No, No, No No, No, No (Destiny's Child song) ", reached number one on the Billboard Billboard magazine Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks and number three on the Billboard Hot 100 Billboard Hot 100 . Domestically, the single sold over one million copies and certified platinum by the RIAA.

After the success of their debut album, Destiny's Child re-entered the studio quickly, bringing in a new lineup of producers, including Kevin "She'kspere" Briggs The said key to the breakthrough is the album's third single, "Say My Name", eventually selling over eight million copies in the United States, gaining eight-time platinum certification by the RIAA. The successful release of the single boosted the sales of the soundtrack album to Charlie's Angels to 1.5 million by 2001. and again won Artist of the Year among five awards they snagged in 2001. In September 2000, the group took home two at the sixth annual Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards, including R&B/Soul Album of the Year, Group for The Writing's on the Wall. Destiny's Child recorded their third album, Survivor Survivor (Destiny's Child album) , in late 2000 until early 2001. In the production process, Knowles assumed more control in co-producing and co-writing almost the entire album. Survivor hit record stores in the spring of 2001 and entered the Billboard 200 Billboard 200 at number one, selling over 663,000 copies in its first week sales. The first three singles, "Independent Women Part I", "Survivor Survivor (Destiny's Child song) " and "Bootylicious" reached the top three in the United States and were also successful in other countries; The album was certified four-time platinum in the United States
", the longest-charting single of the group
In October 2001, Destiny's Child released a holiday Christmas and holiday season album, 8 Days of Christmas, which contained updated versions of several Christmas songs. The album managed to reach number thirty-four on the Billboard 200. They also earned an American Music Award for Favorite Soul/R&B Band/Duo. The remix album reached number 29 in the United States. In 2002, Williams released her solo album, Heart to Yours, a contemporary gospel Gospel music collection. Rowland collaborated with hip hop artist Nelly on "Dilemma Dilemma (song) ", which became a worldwide hit and earned Rowland a Grammy Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration ; Rowland's career took off internationally when Simply Deep hit number one on the UK Albums Chart. In the same year, she made her feature film debut in the horror film Freddy vs. Jason. Meanwhile Knowles made her second film, "The Fighting Temptations", and appeared as featured vocalist on her then-boyfriend Jay-Z's single "'03 Bonnie and Clyde", which paved the way for the release of her debut solo album.

As an upshot from the success of "Dilemma", Knowles' debut album, Dangerously in Love, was postponed many times until June 2003. Knowles was considered the most successful among the three solo releases. Dangerously in Love debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 317,000 copies. It yielded the number-one hits "Crazy in Love Crazy in Love (Beyoncé Knowles song) ", and "Baby Boy Baby Boy (Beyoncé Knowles song) "; and the top-five singles "Me, Myself and I Me, Myself and I (Beyoncé Knowles song) " and "Naughty Girl Naughty Girl (Beyoncé Knowles song) ". Knowles solo debut was well-received by critics, earning five Grammy awards in one night for Dangerously in Love, tying the likes of Norah Jones, Lauryn Hill, and Alicia Keys for most Grammys received in one night by a female artist. In November 2003, Williams appeared as Aida Aida (musical) on Broadway Broadway theatre . In January 2004, she released her second gospel album, Do You Know Do You Know (Michelle Williams album) .

In June 2003, Mathew Knowles announced that Destiny's Child would expand back to a quartet, revealing Knowles' younger sister, Solange Solange Knowles , as the latest addition to the group. Destiny's Child had previously recorded songs with Solange and shared the stage when she temporarily replaced Rowland after she broke her toes while performing. Their manager, however, said the idea was used to test reactions from the public. In August 2003, Knowles herself confirmed that her sister would not be joining in the group, and instead promoted Solange's debut album, Solo Star, released in January 2003.

2004–2005: Destiny Fulfilled and final releases

Three years after the hiatus, members of Destiny's Child reunited to record their fourth and final studio album, Destiny Fulfilled. as well as becoming executive producers aside from their manager.

Released on November 15, 2004, Destiny Fulfilled failed to top Survivor; the album reached number two the following week, selling 497,000 copies in its first week, compared to 663,000 for the previous album. Certified three-time platinum in the United States, Right in the making of the album, they planned to part ways after their fourteen-year career as a group to facilitate their continued pursuit in individual aspirations. Knowles stated that their destinies were already fulfilled. #1's was also released as a DualDisc, featuring the same track listing, seven videos of selected songs and a trailer of the concert DVD Destiny's Child: Live in Atlanta. Despite this, journalist Chris Harris of MTV said that it "lives up to its name"; #1's debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 Billboard 200 with sales of 113,000 in the first week. "Stand Up For Love" was released as Destiny's Child's last single..

Destiny's Child reunited for a farewell performance at the 2006 NBA All-Star Game on February 19 in Houston, Texas; however, Knowles commented, "It's the last album, but it's not the last show." Their final televised performance was at the Fashion Rocks benefit concert in New York at the same month. At the 2006 BET Awards, Destiny's Child won Best Group, a category they also earned in 2005 and 2001.

After their formal disbandment, all members continued their solo projects including LeToya Luckett, who released her debut solo album, LeToya LeToya (album) , in July 2006, peaking at number-one on the Billboard 200. Knowles co-starred in the 2006 comedy film The Pink Panther The Pink Panther (2006 film) , for which she recorded the number-one single "Check on It". She landed a role in Dreamgirls Dreamgirls (film) , the film adaptation of the 1981 hit Dreamgirls (musical) Broadway Broadway theatre musical about a 1960s singing group loosely based on Motown Motown Records all-female group The Supremes. In the film, she portrays the Diana Ross-based character Deena Jones. Inspired by her role in the film, she went to crafting her second solo album, aptly titled B'Day, released on September 4, 2006 in the United States to coincide her birthday. Knowles' music video to her single "Get Me Bodied" features Rowland, Williams, and Knowles' sister Solange Solange Knowles . The video was released on the B'Day Anthology video album in April 2007. Knowles said: "It really sets the tone of the video, because you feel like you're there for part of the experience."

In 2007, Rowland released her second solo album, Ms. Kelly. On June 26, 2007, the group made a mini-reunion at the 2007 BET Awards. Knowles performed "Get Me Bodied" with special guests Williams, Solange Knowles, and Mo'Nique. After her performance, Knowles introduced Rowland who performed her single "Like This Like This (Kelly Rowland song) " with Eve Eve (rapper) . On the September 2, 2007 Los Angeles stop of The Beyoncé Experience tour, Knowles sang a snippet of "Survivor" with Rowland and Williams. The latter two rendered a "Happy Birthday" song to Knowles. The performance was featured in Knowles' tour DVD, The Beyoncé Experience Live!, released on November 20, 2007. In spring 2008 Rowland released a repackaged, reworked version of her 2007 album under the title Ms. Kelly Deluxe. This in turn spawned a UK Top 20 single with her newly-recorded cover of the Seventies Bobby Womack track Daylight, which featured Gym Class Heroes rapper Travis McCoy. Knowles recorded a cover of Billy Joel's "Honesty Mathew Knowles & Music World Present Vol.1: Love Destiny " which was included on a Mathew Knowles/Music World CD released only in Japan towards the end of June 2008 to celebrate the tenth-year anniversary of Destiny's Child. Williams released her first non-Gospel third solo album, Unexpected Unexpected (Michelle Williams album) , in October 2008, with several of the tracks boasting an uptempo Euro-dance flavour. The following month, Knowles released her third studio solo album, I Am… Sasha Fierce. In the summer of 2009 Williams made history by prestigiously becoming the first African-American actress to play murderous chorus-girl Roxie Hart in the London West End run of the stage musical Chicago Chicago (musical) . In June 2010, Rowland released "Commander Commander (song) ", the first single from her forthcoming third solo album.In 2005, record producer David Foster, his daughter Amy Foster-Gillies and Knowles wrote "Stand Up For Love" as the anthem to the World Children's Day, an annual worldwide event to raise awareness and funds for children causes. Over the past three years, more than $50 million have been raised to benefit Ronald McDonald House Charities and other children's organizations. Destiny's Child lent their voices and support as global ambassadors for the 2005 program.

Rowland and Knowles, along with the latter's family, founded the Survivor Foundation, a charitable entity set up for the purpose of providing transitional housing for the Hurricane Katrina victims and storm evacuees in the Houston, Texas area. The Survivor Foundation extended the mission of the Knowles-Rowland Center For Youth, a multi-purpose community outreach facility in downtown Houston. In the wake of the September 11 attacks, Destiny's Child canceled a European tour and performed in a concert benefit for the survivors., the front woman of The Supremes, to whom Beyoncé Knowles was equated. (Photo: Harry Wad)
Destiny's Child recorded R&B Rhythm and blues songs with styles that encompasses urban urban contemporary , contemporary contemporary R&B , and dance-pop. Destiny's Child revealed that R&B singer Janet Jackson is one of their influences. Ann Powers of The New York Times described Destiny's Child music as "fresh and emotional ... these ladies have the best mixes, the savviest samples and especially the most happening beats." The group usually harmonize their vocals in their songs, especially on the ballads. In most instances of their songs, each member sings one verse and chimes in at the chorus. In Survivor, each members sings lead in the majority of the album: Knowles, however, completely lead songs like "Brown Eyes" and "Dangerously in Love Dangerously in Love (song) ". The group explored their lyrics to man-to-woman relationship, and sisterhood and female empowerment anthems.

Survivor contains themes interpreted by the public as a reference to the group's internal conflict. The title track, "Survivor Survivor (Destiny's Child song) ", which set the theme used throughout the album, Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic summarized Survivor as "a determined, bullheaded record, intent on proving Destiny's Child has artistic merit largely because the group survived internal strife. ... It's a record that tries to be a bold statement of purpose, but winds up feeling forced and artificial." Albeit critical praise to Destiny's Child's records, Knowles' close involvement in their projects have generated criticisms. Knowles wrote and co-produced the bulk of Survivor. Browne suggested that her help made Survivor a "premature, but inevitable, growing pains album".Destiny's Child was compared to The Supremes, a 1960s American female singing group girl group , with which Knowles had been equated to as the Diana Ross, the frontwoman of The Supremes; Knowles, however, dismissed the notion.

In the wake of Knowles' Dangerously in Love, rumors spread about possible split of Destiny's Child after each member had experienced success and had ongoing projects. Comparisons were drawn to Justin Timberlake, who did not return to band 'N Sync after his breakthrough debut solo album, Justified. The group claimed that the reunion was destined to happen Margeaux Watson, arts editor at Suede magazine, suggests that "the star does not want to appear disloyal to her former partners," and called Beyoncé's decision to return to the group "a charitable one".;'Studio albums'
* Destiny's Child Destiny's Child (album) (1998)
* The Writing's on the Wall (1999)
* Survivor Survivor (Destiny's Child album) (2001)
* Destiny Fulfilled (2004)

;'Other albums'
* 8 Days of Christmas (2001)
* This Is the Remix This Is the Remix (Destiny's Child album) (2002)
* #1's Number 1's (Destiny's Child album) (2005)

;'Video releases'
* The Platinum's on the Wall (2001)
* Destiny's Child World Tour (2003)
* Destiny's Child Fan Pack Destiny Fulfilled#Wal-Mart Exclusive DVD (Wal-Mart Exclusive) (2004)
* Destiny's Child Fan Pack II Number 1's (Destiny's Child album)#Wal-Mart Exclusive DVD (Wal-Mart Exclusive) (2005)
* Destiny's Child: Live in Atlanta (2006)


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