Chico Buarque Overview

Francisco Buarque de Hollanda (born June 19, 1944 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), po***rly known as Chico Buarque, is a singer, guitarist, composer, dramatist, writer and poet. He is best known for his music, which often includes social, economic and cultural commentary on Brazil and Rio de Janeiro in particular.

Son of the academic Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda, Buarque lived in several locations throughout his childhood, though mostly in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Italy. He wrote and studied literature as a child and came to music through the bossa nova compositions of João Gilberto. He performed music throughout the 1960s as well as writing a play that was deemed dangerous by the Brazilian military dictatorship of the time. Buarque, along with several of his fellow musicians, were threatened by the government and eventually left Brazil in 1970. He moved to Italy again. However, he came back to Brazil in 1971, one year before the others, and continued to record albums, perform, and write, though much of his material was not allowed by government censors. He released several more albums in the 1980s and published three novels in the 1990s and 2000s, all of which were acclaimed critically.

Buarque came from a privileged intellectual family background—his father Sérgio Buarque de Holanda was a well-known historian, sociologist and journalist and his mother Maria Amélia Cesário Alvim was a painter and pianist. He is also brother of the singer Miucha. As a child, he was impressed by the musical style of bossa nova, specifically the work of Tom Jobim and João Gilberto. He was also interested in writing, composing his first short story at 18 years old and studying European literature, also at a young age. One of his most consuming interests, however, was playing soccer, beginning at age four, which he still does today.

He made his public debut as musician and composer in 1964, rapidly building his reputation at music festivals and television variety shows when bossa nova rhythm came to light and Nara Leão recorded three of his songs. ("In spite of you") was overlooked by the military censors, becoming an important anthem in the democratic movement. After selling over 100,000 copies, the single was eventually censored and removed from the market. At one point in 1974, the censors banned any song authored by Chico Buarque. Then, he created a pseudonym, naming himself "Julinho da Adelaide", complete with life history and interviews to newspapers. "Julinho de Adelaide" authored songs such as "Jorge Maravilha" and "Acorda amor" before he was outed in Jornal do Brasil news story. Buarque also wrote a play named Calabar, about the Dutch invasion of Brazil in the seventeenth century, drawing parallels with the military regime. Despite the censorship, songs such as "Samba de Orly" (1970), "Acorda amor" (1974, as "Julinho da Adelaide") manifested Buarque's continuing opposition to the military regime.

During the 1970s and 1980s, he collaborated with filmmakers, playwrights, and musicians in further protest works against the dictatorship. Buarque approached the 1983 Concert for Peace in Nicaragua as a valid forum to vocalize his strong political views. Throughout the decade, he crafted many of his songs as vehicles to describe the re-democratization of Brazil. The Concert for Peace in Nicaragua was one in a concert series known as the "Central American Peace Concerts." These concerts featured various Latin American artists. The political turmoil that plagued this era were expressed in many of Buarque's songs. He later wrote Budapeste, a novel that achieved critical national acclaim and won the Prêmio Jabuti, a Brazilian literary award comparable to the Man Booker Prize.During Brazil's military coup d'état Brazilian military coup of 1964 of 1964, Buarque wrote about the events which transpired and avoided censorship by using cryptic analogies and wordplay. For example, in the song "Cálice" ("Chalice", or Jesus' Last Supper "Cup"), a duet written and performed with Gilberto Gil, he takes advantage of the homophony homophone between the Portuguese Portuguese language imperative "shut your mouth" --cale-se-- and "chalice" --cálice-- to protest censorship against freedom of speech by the dictatorship, disguised as the Gospel narrative of Jesus' Gethsemani prayer to the Father to pass from Him the chalice of bloody death probation. The line "I wanna sniff diesel fume" is a reference to the death of political prisoner Stuart Angel, which had his mouth glued to a jeep's exhaust pipe during a torture session. Buarque was a friend of his mother Zuzu Zuzu Angel .

'Lyrics (in Portuguese)'
Pai, afasta de mim esse cálice |
De vinho tinto de sangue. |
Como beber dessa bebida amarga |
Tragar a dor, engolir a labuta. |
Mesmo calada a boca, resta o peito |
Silêncio na cidade não se escuta. |
De que me vale ser filho da santa |
Melhor seria ser filho da outra |
Outra realidade menos morta |
Tanta mentira, tanta força bruta. |
Como é difícil acordar calado |
Se na calada da noite eu me dano |
Quero lançar um grito desumano |
Que é uma maneira de ser escutado |
Esse silêncio todo me atordoa |
Atordoado eu permaneço atento |
Na arquibancada pra qualquer momento |
Ver emergir o monstro da lagoa |
De muito gorda a porca já não anda |
De muito usada a faca já não corta |
Como é difícil, pai, abrir a porta |
Essa palavra presa na garganta |
Esse pileque homérico no mundo |
De que adianta ter boa vontade |
Mesmo calado o peito, resta a cuca |
Dos bêbados do centro da cidade |
Talvez o mundo não seja pequeno |
Nem seja a vida um fato consumado |
Quero inventar o meu próprio pecado |
Quero morrer do meu próprio veneno |
Quero perder de vez tua cabeça |
Minha cabeça perder teu juízo |
Quero cheirar fumaça de óleo diesel |
Me embriagar até que alguém me esqueça |

Father, pass away from me this chalice |
of wine tinted with blood! |
How to survey this bitter drink |
Inhale the pain, swallow the drudgery. |
Even if the mouth is shut, the heart still remains |
Silence in the city is not heard. |
For what is it worth for me to be the son of the holy mother |
Best were I born to another one |
Another reality less lethal |
Without so many lies and repression. |
How hard it is to wake up and notice you cannot open your mouth |
If I pang in the quiet of night |
I desire to release a wild scream |
Which would be a way to be heard |
All of this silence makes me dizzy |
Dazed, I remain attentive |
In the expectation of, at any moment, |
To see the monster of the lake emerge |
From so much fat, the hog no longer walketh |
From so much use, the knife hath gone dull |
How hard it is, father to open the door |
With this word stuck in the throat |
This Homeric world drunkenness |
What's the advantage of having good will? |
Even if the heart is silenced, consciousness remains |
Of all the drunkards in the center of the city |
Perhaps the world isn't that small |
Nor is life a consummated fact |
I desire to invent my own sin |
I wanna die from my own poison! |
And disconnect my mind from yours once and for all! |
May my head lose your way of thinking |
I wanna sniff diesel fume |
And get intoxicated until I'm forgotten! |*1966: Chico Buarque de Hollanda (Vol. 1)
*1966: Morte e Vida Severina
*1967: Chico Buarque de Hollanda (Vol. 2)
*1968: Chico Buarque de Hollanda (Vol. 3)
*1969: Umas e outras - compacto
*1969: Chico Buarque na Itália
*1970: Apesar de você
*1970: Per un pugno di samba
*1970: Chico Buarque de Hollanda (Vol. 4)
*1971: Construção
*1972: Quando o carnaval chegar
*1972: Caetano e Chico juntos e ao vivo
*1973: Chico canta
*1974: Sinal fechado
*1975: Chico Buarque & Maria Bethânia ao vivo
*1976: Meus caros amigos
*1977: Cio da Terra compacto
*1977: Os saltimbancos
*1977: Gota d'água
*1978: Chico Buarque (Samambaia)

*1979: Ópera do Malandro
*1980: Vida
*1980: Show 1º de Maio compacto
*1981: Almanaque
*1981: Saltimbancos trapalhões
*1982: Chico Buarque en espanhol
*1983: Para viver um grande amor
*1983: O grande circo místico
*1984: Chico Buarque (Vermelho)
*1985: O Corsário do rei
*1985: Ópera do malandro
*1985: Malandro
*1986: Melhores momentos de Chico & Caetano
*1987: Francisco
*1988: Dança da meia-lua
*1989: Chico Buarque
*1990: Chico Buarque ao vivo Paris le Zenith
*1993: Para Todos
*1995: Uma palavra
*1997: Terra

*1998: As cidades
*1998: Chico Buarque da Mangueira
*1999: Chico ao vivo
*2001: Chico e as cidades (DVD)
*2001: Cambaio
*2002: Chico Buarque – Duetos
*2003: Chico ou o país da delicadeza perdida (DVD)
*2005: Meu Caro Amigo (DVD)
*2005: A Flor da Pele (DVD)
*2005: Vai passar (DVD)
*2005: Anos Dourados (DVD)
*2005: Estação Derradeira (DVD)
*2005: Bastidores (DVD)
*2006: O Futebol (DVD)
*2006: Romance (DVD)
*2006: Uma Palavra (DVD)
*2006: Carioca (CD + DVD with the documentary Desconstrução)
*2007: Carioca Ao Vivo'Books'
* 1966: A Banda (Songbook)
* 1974: Fazenda Modelo
* 1979: Chapeuzinho Amarelo
* 1981: A Bordo do Rui Barbosa
* 1991: Estorvo
* 1995: Benjamin
* 2003: Budapeste
* 2009: Leite Derramado

* 1967/8: Roda Viva
* 1973: Calabar (coauthored with Ruy Guerra)
* 1975: Gota d'água
* 1978: Ópera do Malandro (based on John***'s Beggar's Opera and Bertold Brecht's Threepenny Opera)
* 1983: O Grande Circo Místico

* 1972: Quando o carnaval chegar (coauthor)
* 1983: Para viver um grande amor (coauthor)
* 1985: Ópera do Malandro
* 2009: Budapeste (based on his book)


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